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I. Jonathan Amster

Blurred image of a green laser used as background for stylistic purposes.
Distinguished Research Professor

Jon Amster earned his B.A. in Chemistry from Cornell University in 1977 and his Ph.D. in Analytical Chemistry in 1986, also from Cornell. After postdoctoral research at the University of California at Irvine, he joined the faculty of the University of Georgia in 1988 as an Assistant Professor of Chemistry, where he now holds the title of Distinguished Research Professor. He served as Head of Chemistry from 2009-2019, and is currently the Interim Head. His research interests are in high performance mass spectrometry and its applications to bioanalytical chemistry.

  • Ph.D. Cornell University, 1986
  • M.S. Cornell University, 1983
  • B.A. Cornell University, 1977
Research Interests:

My research group specializes in the development and application of Fourier transform mass spectrometry for solving difficult problems in bioanalytical chemistry. We are exploring new methods for analyzing the structural features of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), a class of carbohydrates that play a central role in a number of important biological processes, including cellular communication, cell signaling, and regulation of biochemical pathways. Our approach uses electron-aided methods of ion activation (electron detachment dissociation, electron induced dissociation, and electron transfer dissociation) to dissociate GAG oligosaccharides, and to provide detailed data regarding sites of sulfation, acetylation, and uronic acid stereochemistry. We are exploring the use of chemometric analysis (principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis) for maximizing the amount of analytical information that can be extracted from the highly complex tandem mass spectra produced by electron detachment dissociation of GAGs. We are developing rapid and sensitive methods for measuring changes in the cellular levels of proteins. Our approach is to harvest complex protein mixtures from a cell, enzymatically digest the proteins into peptides, and to identify the peptides by accurate mass measurement using Fourier transform mass spectrometry. This process is aided by a combination of capillary scale separation methods, chemical derivitization methods using compounds synthesized in our laboratory, and isotope labeling. Other recent research projects include the use of advanced computational methods for carrying out multiparticle simulations of ion motion within the FTICR mass analyzer. These simulations give detailed information about ion-ion interactions, and provide insight into the limits of mass accuracy in FTICR mass spectrometry.

Selected Publications:


Williams, R. V.; Huang, C.; McDermott, C.; Columbus, L.; Moremen, K. W.; Prestegard, J. H.; Amster, I. J. “Site-to-Site Crosstalk in OSTB Glycosylation of hCEACAM1-IgV”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2022119, e2202992119. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2202992119

Williams, R. V.; Huang, C.; Moremen, K. W.; Amster, I. J.; Prestegard, J. H. “NMR Analysis Suggests the Terminal Domains of Robo1 Remain Extended but are Rigidified in the Presence of Heparan Sulfate”, Sci. Rep202212, 14769. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-18769-6

Lampros, E. A.; Kremer, P. G.; Aquilar Diaz de Leon, J. S.; Roberts, E. T.; Amster, I. J.; Barb, A. W. “The Antibody-Binding Fc Gamma Receptor IIIa / CD16a is N-Glycosylated with High Occupancy at All Five Sites”, Curr. Res. Immunol. 20223, 128-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.crimmu.2022.05.005

Konermann, L.; Amster, I. J.; Smith, J. C.; Verhaert, P. D. E. M. “The 33rd International Tandem Mass Spectrometry Workshop, Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 202233, 409-411. DOI: 10.1021/jasms.2c00028

Pepi, L. E.; Amster, I. J. “Electron-Activated Tandem Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Glycosaminoglycans”, Curr. Protoc. 2021, 1, e83. DOI: 10.1002/cpz1.83

Rogals, M. J.; Yang, J. Y.; Williams, R. V.; Moremen, K. W.; Amster, I. J.; Prestegard, J. H. “Sparse Isotope Labeling for NMR of Glycoproteins Using 13C-Glucose”, Glycobiology 202131, 425-435. DOI: 10.1093/glycob/cwaa071

Pepi, L. E.; Sanderson, P.; Stickney, M.; Amster, I. J. “Developments in Mass Spectrometry for Glycosaminoglycan Analysis: A Review”, Mol. Cell. Proteomics 202120, 100025. DOI: 10.1074/mcp.r120.002267

Pepi, L. E.; Leach III, F. E.; Klein, D. R.; Brodbelt, J. S.; Amster, I. J. “Investigation of the Experimental Parameters of Ultraviolet Photodissociation for the Structural Characterization of Chondroitin Sulfate Glycosaminoglycan Isomers”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 202132, 1759-1770. DOI: 10.1021/jasms.1c00119

Huang, D.; Bouza, M. A.; Gaul, D. A.; Leach, F. E.; Amster, I. J.; Schroeder, F.; Edison, A. S.; Fernández, F. M. “Comparison of High-Resolution Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry Platforms for C. Elegans Metabolite Annotation Purposes”, Anal. Chem. 202193, 12374-12382. DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.1c02224

Spliid, C. B.; Toledo, A. G.; Sanderson, P.; Mao, Y.; Gatto, F.; Gustavsson, T.; Choudhary, S.; Vogelsang, R. P.; Gögenur, I.; Theander, T. G.; Leach, F. E.; Amster, I. J. Esko, J. D.; Clausen, T. M. “The Specificity of the Malarial VAR2CSA Protein for Chondroitin Sulfate Depends on 4-O-Sulfation and Accessibility to the Ligand”, J. Biol. Chem. 2021297, 101391. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbc.2021.101391


Driver, J. A.; Kharchenko, A.; Amster, I. J. “Simulations of Nw Measurement Using Multiple Detection Electrodes in FTICR Mass Spectrometry”, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 2020, 455, 116372. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijms.2020.116372

Yu, Y.; Zhang, F.; Amster, I. J.; Renois-Predalus, G.; Linhardt, R. J. “Filter-Entrapment Enrichment Pull-Down Assay for Glycosaminoglycan Structural Characterization and Protein Interaction”, Carbohydr. Polym. 2020, 245, 116623. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.116623

Pepi, L. E.; Sasiene, Z. J.; Mendis, P.; Jackson, G. P.; Amster, I. J. “Structural Characterization of Sulfated Glycosaminoglycans Using Charge Transfer Dissociation”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2020, 31, 2143-3153. DOI: 10.1021/jasms.0c00252

Han, X.; Sanderson, P.; Nesheiwat, S.; Lin, L.; Yu, Y.; Zhang, F.; Amster, I. J.; Linhardt, R. J. “Structural Analysis of Urinary Glycosaminoglycans from Healthy Human Subjects”, Glycobiology 2020, 30, 143-151. DOI: 10.1093/glycob/cwz088

Duan, J.; Amster, I. J. “A Scoring Algorithm for the Automated Analysis of Glycosaminoglycan MS/MS Data”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2019, 30, 2692-2703. DOI: 10.1007/s13361-019-02338-9

Stickney, M.; Sanderson, P.; Leach III, F. E.; Zhang, F.; Linhardt, R. J.; Amster, I. J. “Online Capillary Zone Electrophoresis Negative Electron Transfer Dissociation Tandem Mass Spectrometry of Glycosaminoglycan Mixtures”, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 2019, 445, 116209. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijms.2019.116209

Stickney, M.; Xia, Q.; Amster, I. J. “Investigation of Electrospray for a Capillary Electrophoresis-Mass Spectrometry Interface in Reverse Polarity and Negative Ion Mode”, Eur. J. Mass Spectrom. 2019, 25, 157-163. DOI: 10.1177/1469066719828192

Klein, D. R.; Leach, F. E. III; Amster, I. J.; Brodbelt, J. S. “Structural Characterization of Glycosaminoglycans Using 193 nm Ultraviolet Photodissociation”, Anal. Chem. 2019, 91, 6019-6026. DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.9b00521

Williams, R. V.; Yang, J.-Y.; Moremen, K. W.; Amster, I. J.; Prestegard, J. H. “Measurement of Residual Dipolar Couplings in Methyl Groups via Carbon Detection”, J. Biomolec. NMR 2019, 73, 191-198. DOI: 10.1007/s10858-019-00245-5


Sanderson, P.; Stickney, M.; Leach, F. E., III; Xia, J.; Yu, Y.; Zhang, F.; Linhardt, R. J.; Amster, I. J. “Heparin/Heparan Sulfate Analysis by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis-Mass Spectrometry”, J. Chromatogr. A 2018, 1545, 75-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2018.02.052.

Aebersold, R.; Agar, J. N.; Amster, I. J.; Baker, M.; Bertozzi, C. R.; Costello, C. E.; Cravatt, B. J.; Fenselau, C.; Garcia, B.; Ge, Y.; Gunawardena, J.; Hendrickson, R. C.; Hergenrother, P. J.; Huber, C.; Ivanov, A. R.; Jensen, O.; Jewett, M. C.; Kelleher, N. L.; Kiessling, L. L.; Krogan, N. J.; Larsen, M. R.; Loo, J. A.; Loo, R. R.; Lundberg, E.; MacCoss, M.; Mallick, P.; Mootha, V. K.; Muir, T. W.; Patrie, S. M.; Pesavento, J. J.; Pitteri, S. J.; Rodriguez; H.; Sandoval, W.; Schluter, H.; Sheeley, D. M.; Slavoff, S. A.; Smith, L. M.; Snyder, M. P.; Thomas, P. M.; Uhlen, M.; van der Donk, W. A.; van Eyk, J. E.; Vidal, M.; Walt, D. R.; White, F. M.; Williams, E. R.; Wohlschlager, T.; Wysocki, V. H.; Yates, N. A.; Young, N. L. “How Many Human Proteoforms are There?”, Nat. Chem. Biol. 2018, 14, 206-214. DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.2576.

Driver, J. A.; Nagornov, K. O.; Kozhinov, A. N.; Tsybin, Y. O.; Kharchenko, A.; Amster, I. J., “Multiparticle Simulations of Quadrupolar Ion Detection in an Ion Cyclotron Resonance Cell with Narrow Aperture Detection Electrodes”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2018, 29, 51-62. DOI: 10.1007/s13361-017-1817-6.

Agyekum, I.; Pepi, L.; Yu, Y.; Li, J.; Yan, L.; Linhardt, R. J.; Chen, S.; Amster, I. J., “Structural Elucidation of Fucosylated Chondroitin Sulfates from Sea Cucumber Using FTICR-MS/MS”, Eur. J. Mass Spectrom. 2018, 24, 157-167. DOI: 10.1177/1469066717731900.

Yu, Y.; Duan, J.; Leach, F. E., III; Toida, T.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, F.; Amster, I. J.; Linhardt, R. J. “Sequencing the Dermatan Sulfate Chain of Porcine Decorin”, J. Am. Soc. Chem. 2017, 139, 16986-16995. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b10164.

Leach, F. E., III; Riley, N. M.; Westphall, M. S.; Coon, J. J.; Amster, I. J., “Negative Electron Transfer Dissociation Sequencing of Increasingly Sulfated Glycosaminoglycan Oligosaccharides on an Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2017, 28, 1844-1854. DOI: 10.1007/s13361-017-1709-9.

Agyekum, I; Zong, C.; Boons, G.-J.; Amster, I. J., “Single Stage MS/MS Analysis of the C-5 Uronic Acid Stereochemistry in Heparan Sulfate Tetrasaccharides Using Electron Detachment Dissociation”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2017, 28, 1741-1750. DOI: 10.1007/s13361-017-1643-x.

Chen, Y.; Lin, L.; Agyekum, I.; Zhang, X.; St. Ange, K.; Yu, Y.; Liu, J.; Amster, I. J.; Linhardt, R. J., “Structural Analysis of Heparin-Derived 3-O-Sulfated Tetrasaccharides: Antithrombin Binding Site Variants”, J. Pharm. Sci. 2017, 106, 973-981. DOI: 10.1016/j.xphs.2016.11.023.

Lin, L.; Liu, X.; Zhang, F.; Chi, L.; Amster, I. J.; Leach III, F. E.; Xia, Q.; Linhardt, R. J. “Analysis of Heparin Oligosaccharides by Capillary Electrophoresis-Negative-Ion Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry”, Analyt. Bioanalyt. Chem. 2017, 409, 411-420. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-016-9662-1.

Zhao, Y.; Singh, A.; Xu, Y.; Zong, C.; Zhang, F.; Boons, G.-J.; Liu, J.; Linhardt, R. L; Woods, R. J.; Amster, I. J., “Gas-Phase Analysis of the Complex of Fibroblast Growth Factor 1 with Heparan Sulfate: A Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry (TWIMS) and Molecular Modeling Study”, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2017, 28, 96-109. DOI: 10.1007/s13361-016-1496-8.

My Graduate Students

Jonathan Choi

Graduate Student

Elijah Roberts

Graduate Student

Yiqing Zhang

Graduate Student

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